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Arbitration is a more formal type of ADR, with judicial proceedings and a decision made by the arbitrator. Mediation and mediation are less formal and focus on facilitating communication to resolve a dispute; Evaluation methods and recommendations are implemented during conciliation, while intermediaries generally do not formulate solutions. National mediation is most often used for contentious divorces, but it can also apply to other national disputes, such as annulment of a marriage or recognition of paternity. In such cases, the parties are required to submit to a conciliation procedure and may only take their case to court after the conciliation has failed. Conciliation can be used in different situations, but is most often used in labour law disputes. Acas offers a mediation service and some companies have their own mediation procedure, which is part of their disciplinary and appeal procedures. German law does not provide a legal framework for conciliation. As a result, the parties are free to define and adopt a number of rules governing mediation. It is important to note that the conciliation procedure is entirely voluntary; a successful outcome depends on mutual agreement and any party can leave at any time.

In practice, a set of conciliation rules is generally made available to the parties, which are set either by the conciliator himself or by a specialized conciliation body. For example, the conciliation rules of the Hamburg-Beijing mediation centre. Civil mediation is a form of dispute resolution for small actions and offers a simpler and less costly alternative to litigation. Depending on the nature of the case, experts who are not involved in judges (doctors, evaluators, actuaries, etc.) may be called by the court as conciliators to assist in the decision of the case. The process of adapting or resolving disputes in a friendly manner by extrajudicial means. Conciliation means bringing together two opposing parties to reach a compromise, to prevent a case from being brought to justice. Arbitration, on the other hand, is a contractual remedy used for the out-of-court settlement of disputes. In other cases, the two controversies agree in advance to stick to the decision of a third party designated as a mediator, while conciliation is less structured. Once the parties to the dispute have agreed to a conciliation procedure, an independent mediator is appointed. They will discuss the issues and try to help the parties reach an agreement, often giving their own opinion after assessing the situation and the various arguments. Your opinion can help to find a settlement or conclude the dispute.

As a mediator, the conciliator will try to bring the parties to an amicable agreement. However, the conciliator will be prepared to present the parties with a non-binding motion for a resolution. The parties are free to accept or reject the proposal. When they accept the proposal, it is usually referred to as a transaction agreement. Although the transaction contract itself is not applicable, it may become enforceable in Germany through notarization and/or in other countries through an arbitration premium. Conciliation differs from mediation in that the parties often have to re-establish or repair a personal or commercial relationship in the context of conciliation. Conciliation is a voluntary procedure in which the parties concerned are free to agree and try to resolve their dispute through mediation. The procedure is flexible, allowing the parties to determine the timing, structure and content of the conciliation procedure. These procedures are rarely public.

They are based on interests, as the conciliator wishes when making a transaction, taking into account not only the legal positions of the parties, but also their own; commercial, financial and/or personal interests. Conciliation is an independent conciliator that facilitates communication between the litigants in order to find a solution or a solution.